Asthma is a disease of lungs , which leads to chronic inflammation of respiratory tract, making breathing extremely difficult. Unfortunately, there is no medicine that completely cures asthma. Most people with asthma manage to keep the disease under control and avoid serious health problems. But if you are pregnant, and you have asthma attacks during pregnancy, it is very important for you to consult a doctor about how to control your illness and, if necessary, get qualified medical help.
Allergy has long adopted to scale of worldwide disaster, and one of the main dangers here lies in the fact that this problem is very personal. Nowadays, dozens of allergic reactions agents are known, which can be arbitrarily combined into several major groups (food, household, chemical, vegetable and so on.)
Let’s Canadian Family Pharmacy briefly consider a list of the most common allergens.
Types of Allergy
We begin “top” of allergens not without reason that have been the most widespread, medicinal agents allergy – is considered the most dangerous, because in this case there is the greatest likelihood of rapid development of anaphylactic (allergic) shock, and death as a result. According to statistics, the main symptoms of medicinal agents (swelling, hives, sudden increase in body temperature, difficulty with breathing, runny nose) occurs in approximately 10-15% of patients. Among the most dangerous allergens of medical group there are antibiotics and analgesics. Often, allergic reactions development may be caused by regular aspirin.
Organism’s reaction to floral, woody and grass pollen is a serious problem, firsthand familiar to many highly allergic individual – usually we are talking about the so-called seasonal allergies. The main symptoms are:
- hay fever or pollinosis caused by pollen;
- runny nose;
- painful blockage of nasal canals;
- shortness of breath;
- conjunctivitis development;
Perhaps the biggest problem with allergic individuals, sensitive to plant pollen, is that flowering seasons of “adverse” plants continue for almost entire warm season.
Another common allergen is allergy to citrus, effect of which is experienced by both children and adults. At the same time there is a very real and, by the way, very dangerous allergic to tangerines, oranges and grapefruit (small slice of tangerine in this case can cause severe allergic shock), and common food intolerance – the so-called pseudo-allergy to citrus.
Some of the most common food allergens, delivering a lot of problems for patients with allergies include milk (more precisely, protein found in cow’s milk), cereals and, of course, nuts – infamous leader of the world most food allergens. The most “unreliable” in this context is considered to be peanuts that can cause very severe allergic reactions. With regard to cereals, there is special attention which should be paid to rye and wheat (sometimes corn and oats can cause allergic reactions as well).
In this case, the main risk factors are wool, down, feathers, feces and special proteins of sebaceous glands contained in skin and in saliva of animals. That’s a pity that allergic reactions may occur after contact with both wild and farm animals and birds (sheep, horses, chickens and so on.) as well as with favorite domestic pets. Usually, the most dangerous animals, for allergic individuals are dogs and cats, rarely contact with hamsters, guinea pigs and pet parrots leads to negative consequences.
Every housewife knows very well that even in the most impeccably clean at first glance, house is inhabited by a great many species of mites which can cause a variety of allergic reactions. The most common dust allergy is expressed in form of symptoms such as itching, runny nose, nasal passage swelling and sneezing. You are not able to fully relieve your house from dust, however, to undertake regular attempts in the form of wet cleaning using special tools – is necessary.
Another very dangerous phenomenon is allergy to bee venom. At first glance, harmless bite of single bee can lead to loss of consciousness, convulsions, suffocation, sharp drop in blood pressure – in this case, we are talking about anaphylactic shock, which can lead to death. It is an acute allergic shock from bee sting can cause death, preceded by asphyxia (suffocation), followed by cardiovascular collapse. We may come to the conclusion that people suffering from such allergies, should not visit beegarden.
Despite all statements that cockroaches absolutely disappeared from our homes, we can attest that it is not true. These annoying insects continue to attack human beings, bringing with them not only household and aesthetic problems, but also very dangerous allergic reactions. Major allergens for humans are usually feces and body parts of dead insects. It is believed that the most susceptible to allergic reactions is little children, that by itself is a compelling reason to urgently get rid of these unwanted guests of your home.
Latex allergy – one of the most acute problems of humanity, appeared in recent years. Most often it occurs when using single use rubber medical gloves, condoms, balloons and other latex products. Usually there occur symptoms such as:
- skin, mucous membranes and nose itching;
- runny nose;
- difficulty with breathing due to nasal congestion.
In rare cases, there are possible disorders of gastrointestinal tract, and rash from which it is difficult to get rid of.
The danger posed by conventional mold, has long ceased to be a secret. Recently, problem has received quite a lot of publicity, and last but not least – the fact that molds are dangerous allergen that can cause unpredictable reactions of human body. If recently you or your close people obtain clear symptoms of allergies, you may think about your house is inhibited by insidious mold.
As you can see there are so many different types of allergy appearing long ago. Allergy becomes a widespread disorder annoying people from all over the world. If face such a problem you are welcome on Canadian Family Pharmacy: cfop.biz where you will find everything you need to overcome this “unpleasant” disease.
What is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is lung disease in which person finds it difficult to breathe. It happens due to lung injury during many years, as a rule, from smoking.
Canadian Family Pharmacy points out that COPD is most often combination of two diseases:
- Chronical bronchitis. In chronic bronchitis, airways through which air enters lungs (bronchi), are in state of inflammation with a lot of mucus produced continuously. Bronchial wall thickening takes place that can cause lumen narrowing (obstruction) of airways. In this condition for person it is very difficult to breathe.
- Emphysema. In case of emphysema, alveoli walls are damaged as a result lose their elasticity. As a result, effective area decreases lung for exchanging gases (oxygen and carbon dioxide) between blood and inspired air. The result of oxygen lack in blood is shortness of breath that person feels like shortage of air.
Over time, COPD, usually becomes more severe. To stop once ongoing process of damaged lung tissue is rather undertaking. But you can take steps to slow down alveoli destruction in lungs, and improve human health, when suffering from COPD.
What Causes COPD?
In most cases COPD is caused by smoking. Over the years, inhalation of tobacco smoke irritates airways and destroys elastic fibers in alveoli of lungs. Passive smoking is also very negative for organism. Other factors that may cause occurrence of COPD include:
- inhalation of chemical vapors;
- air pollution for a long period of time.
Typically, process of lung tissue destruction takes many years before the first symptoms appearance, so COPD is most common in people who are older than 60 years.
Besides risk of COPD increases if a person has had a lot of serious lung infections throughout life, but particularly important if disease takes place in childhood. In individuals with emphysema diagnosis at the age of 30 or 40 years may be hereditary anomaly of protein alpha-1-antitrypsins. But, fortunately, this pathology meets very rare.
The main symptoms of COPD:
- Long term (chronic) cough;
- Sputum, which appears when coughing;
- Shortness of breath, which increases during exercise.
Over time, COPD progresses and person has shortness of breath, even with minor physical exercise. For patient it is becoming increasingly difficult to take food or to perform simple physical exercises. Thus breathing requires considerable energy consumption. Patients with COPD often lose weight and become much weaker in physical abilities.
At some point COPD symptoms can suddenly increase, which leads to deterioration in physical health state. This is called acute exacerbation of COPD. Exacerbations of COPD can range from a minor extent, to life-threatening conditions. The greater the duration of COPD is, the more severe will be such exacerbations.
How is COPD Diagnosed?
To find out whether a person has COPD, it is necessary to come to consultation to pulmonologist (physician dealing with lung health), which will carry out physical examination and will listen to your lungs.
Then he will ask questions about diseases transferred in the past. Ask if you smoke or contact with other chemicals that can irritate lungs.
Next, the doctor will conduct tests for functional assessment of external respiration (eg, spirometry). Spirometry results will show how well lungs are performing.
Your doctor may order chest x-ray and other tests to rule out other problems that can cause the same symptoms.
It is important to diagnose COPD as early as possible. It will help take measures to slow down lung damage.
The best way to slow progression of COPD is to quit smoking! This is the most important and necessary of what can be done. Regardless of smoking duration and degree of COPD, quitting smoking can significantly slow down lungs destruction. The attending doctor will prescribe treatment that will help alleviate disease’s symptoms and improve well-being, which significantly improves quality of life. Medications can help relieve breathing, relieve or reduce shortness of breath. Such medications can be ordered via Canadian Family Pharmacy online at attractively low price.
In COPD treatment it is used:
- bronchodilators, drugs causing bronchiectasis, mainly due to smooth walls’ muscles relaxation (fenoterol, atrovent, salbutamol);
- mucolytic drugs lead to liquefaction of mucus and facilitate its discharge from bronchial tubes (bromhexine, ambroxol);
- Antibiotics are essential component of drug therapy in case of disease’s exacerbations (penicillins, cephalosporins);
- inhibitors of pro-inflammatory mediators or their receptors that inhibit activation of substances responsible for inflammatory process;
- steroids (prednisone), hormonal drugs used in acute disease’s exacerbations, arresting severe respiratory failure.
Most bronchodilators are administered in inhaled form, which allow drug to penetrate directly into lungs. It is important to use inhaler strictly on doctor’s prescriptions.
There is rehabilitation program in case of lung diseases, which helps to learn how to manage seizures. Under this program specialists advise and teach patients proper breathing technique – how to ease breathing, show how you can and should do physical exercises, how to eat right.
With disease’s progression some patients require oxygen therapy courses.
Prevention of Respiratory Tract Infectious Diseases in Patients with COPD
A special place is taken by prevention of airways infectious diseases. People with COPD are more prone to lung infections. Such patients are prescribed annual vaccination against influenza. In addition, use of pneumococcal vaccine can reduce frequency of COPD exacerbations and development of community-acquired pneumonia, in this regard, vaccination is recommended for patients of older age groups of 65 years and in patients with severe COPD, regardless of age. If all the same COPD sufferer got infected with pneumonia, pneumonia course in vaccinated patients is much milder.
Being at home, you should follow some rules that will help prevent relapses and progression of COPD:
- you should avoid contact with different chemicals that can irritate lungs (smoke, exhaust fumes, air pollution). In addition, an attack could be triggered by a cold or dry air;
- in house it is better to use air conditioner or air filter;
- during working day you need to take rest breaks;
- regular exercise to stay in good physical condition as long as possible;
- eat well, not to feel deficiency in nutrients. If weight loss does occur, you should consult your doctor or dietitian who will help in choice of diet make up daily energy expenditure of body.
What else Should You Know?
With increasing severity of COPD, asthma attacks are becoming more and more difficult, and symptoms grow rapidly and remain longer. It is important to know what to do in case of asthma attacks. Your doctor will choose medicines that can help with such attacks. But in cases of very severe attack you may need to call ambulance. The optimum action is considered to be hospitalization in specialized pulmonology department, but in its absence or its occupancy patient can be hospitalized in therapeutic hospital to arrest aggravation and prevent disease’s complications.
In these patients over time depression and anxiety are often manifested because of disease’s awareness that is getting worse. Shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing also contribute to feelings of anxiety. In such cases, you should definitely talk to your doctor about what types of treatment you can choose to relieve breathing problems during breathlessness attacks.
The Prognosis of COPD
The disease has had steadily progressive course, leading to disability. The prognosis for recovery is unfavorable. The rating outlook is characterized by the following parameters: possibility of removal of provoking factors, patient adherence to treatment, socio-economic conditions.
Adverse prognostic factors are:
- severe concomitant diseases;
- cardiac and respiratory failure;
- elderly patients.
Asthma has characteristic clinical syndromes: coughing and broncho-obstructive. Disease affects both children and adults. The most characteristic disease’s symptom is asthma attack. Asthma attack is a sudden emergence of lack of air sense, and is accompanied by wheezing. The Main Disease Symptoms The main asthma symptoms are: paroxysmal dyspnea; wheezing occurrence; heaviness and congestion in chest; dry paroxysmal cough. Asthma symptoms are manifested mainly at night or in the early predawn hours. This fact is associated […]